Shock is a loss of effective circulation resulting in impaired tissue oxygen and nutrients delivery and causes life threatening organ failure. Shock is a life-threatening condition.
FOUR KEY SIGNS OF SHOCK ARE:
- Severe bleeding
- Major trauma
- Fright or bad news
- Fluid loss, due to diarrhea, vomiting, burns or heat stroke.
- Heart damage – causes a reduction in the hearts ability to pump blood around the body.
- Abnormal dilatation of blood vessels due to infections, allergic reactions or severe brain or spinal cord injury.
Signs and Symptoms may include:
- Pale, cold and clammy skin.
- Pale tongue and inside of the mouth.
- Rapid breathing
- Rapid weak pulse (rule of thumb for rapid pulse concern, adults after trauma with a pulse over 100).
- Nausea and or vomiting.
- Weakness, faintness or dizziness.
- Decrease in consciousness level.
Follow the Basic First Aid Plan to assess the casualty
- Control bleeding.
- Reassure casualty.
- Rest the casualty in a position of comfort ideally lying down.
- Loosen tight clothing around neck, chest, and waist.
- Keep casualty warm but do not overheat.
- Provide oxygen if available.
- Treat wounds.
- Monitor vital signs.
- NO EATING OR DRINKING.