A fracture is the breaking of a bone or cartilage, and is usually accompanied by soft tissue injury, pain and swelling in the surrounding area.

Types of Fractures

Open or Compound Fracture – Where the bone protrudes through the skin, bleeding can be profuse, possible risk of infection.

Closed or Simple Fracture – The skin stays intact, bleeding occurs into the tissues.

Complicated Fracture – Vital organs are damaged. Example, fractured ribs can puncture the lungs.

Causes of a Fracture

Direct force – a blow that breaks the bone at the point of impact, eg. A rock falls on an arm; a steering wheel hits the rib cage.

Indirect force – the bone breaks a distance away from the point of impact, eg. You fall on your outstretched hand and break your upper arm.

Abnormal Muscular Contraction – a sudden contraction of a muscle may result in a fracture. Example, an elderly man fractures his hip after tripping while trying to stop himself from falling

Signs and Symptoms may include:

  • You may hear the break when a person falls.
  • Casualty may feel the bone break.
  • Pain at or near the injury site.
  • Deformity – the limb could be positioned at the wrong angle.
  • One limb seems shorter than the other limb.
  • The limb has a loss of power.
  • Bruising
  • Tenderness and swelling
  • Increase in pain as swelling increases.

For detailed information on the treatment of Fractures, please download the brochure below.