High and low voltage is one of the most dangerous situations you as a First Aider may encounter. As the first aider you must ensure that you and all bystanders remain at least 6 metres clear of any energised material.
High Voltage Currents
DO NOT – approach the area until you are sure the power supply had been disconnected
BE AWARE – of wires lying on the ground as they can move by themselves
WATCH – for water lying around the area surrounding live wires
- Assess the scene and be aware of any danger that MAY be present.
- Identify the dangers that ARE present to you, to bystanders or to the casualty.
What to Do
- Turn off the electricity supply at the metre box. (The switch or the appliance may be faulty).
- Pull the fuse out.
- If you are wet DO NOT attempt to rescue the casualty.
- Use a broom or wooden stick to move the casualty away from the source of electrocution.
- BE CAREFUL
- Continue the primary survey RSABCD.
- Commence CPR if the casualty has no signs of life.
- Treat any burns including entrance or exit wounds.
- Look for any other injuries and treat as required.
- Deep tissue burns can occur between the entrance and exit points.