BRUISING, SPRAINS AND STRAINS
What to Do with Bruises, Sprains and Strains
Bruising: Caused by a fall or a hard or heavy blow. Bleeding into the deep tissues occurs.
Sprain: Occurs when a joint goes beyond its normal range of movement. Bleeding into the tissues occurs.
Strain: Occurs when a muscle or a group of muscles are over stretched.
Signs and Symptoms may include:
- Pain and tenderness
- Cannot weight bear.
- Loss of movement around the injury.
- Follow the Basic First Aid Plan to assess the casualty
- Rest and support the injured limb.
- Ice pack or cold compress to reduce swelling and to aid in healing. Up to 20 minutes.
- Compression bandage is applied for support.
- Elevate the limb to reduce any further swelling.
- Refer injury to a doctor.
How to Apply an Ice Pack
Every alternative 20 minutes for the first 2 hours. Then 20 minutes every 2 hours for the next 48 hours.
- Do not place ice directly onto the skin. It can damage the skin. Wrap it in a wet towel.
- Do not apply heat.